Analysts at Goldman Sachs are sure that the third round of quantitative easing in the United States is coming later this year or at the beginning of 2012. The reason why the additional monetary stimulus is needed is the US economic growth slowdown and high unemployment rate.
The possibility of QE3 rose as on it last meeting that took place on August 9 the Federal Open Market Committee pledged to keep the interest rates at the record low at least until the middle of 2013 that means that US monetary authorities are ready to act employing more policy tools if the economic outlook keeps worsening.
According to Goldman, though not all members of the FOMC support the idea of the new QE – Presidents Fisher, Kocherlakota and Plosser spoke against loosening policy – that won’t stop the Fed’s Chairman Bernanke from pushing through the measures.
It’s necessary to note that though there are different forms of stimulus from the small steps such as a commitment to keep the balance sheet large, a gradual shift of the securities portfolio into longer maturities or a cut in the interest rate on excess reserves from 0.25% to 0% to very aggressive ones such as rate caps (a form of QE in which the Fed promises to buy as many securities as needed to hit a longer-term yield target), a price level or nominal GDP target, or interventions in non-government securities markets (for which funding from Congress would be needed). Goldman specialists say that from all the measures mentioned the conventional QE seems to be the most acceptable option.
To sum up, the economists expect quantitative easing to be resumed, but see several risks to such forecast: stronger economic performance, higher inflation and public backlash. As for the latter, the Fed may try to smooth the situation by proposing monthly numbers that not look as big as the $600 billion purchase over 8 months announced last year. In addition, the decision of continuing the program may be made on the monthly basis as well that would also improve the negative sentiment.
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